The national poet of pakistan – allama Muhammad Iqbal
Muhammad Iqbal, the man behind the ideology of Pakistan and the great poet was born in Sialkot was born on the 9th of November, 1877. After having command over traditional languages including, Persian, Arabic, and Urdu, he attained his M.A. degree in Philosophy from the Scottish Mission School. He continued his education of Doctorate in the development of Metaphysics from Germany. He also possessed the degree of Barat Law. Moreover, getting influenced by the teachings of Sir Thomas Arnold one of his philosophy teachers at Government College Lahore, he went to Europe for his further qualifications. He achieved the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1906, given the name of barrister at Lincoln’s Inn in the same year.
Throughout his career, he followed different professions at different times. He worked as a professor of philosophy, practiced law, took part in politics, and joined the round table conference. Eventually, he became the preeminent national poet and favoured the Idea of Pakistan. The interesting is he not only wrote in Urdu but also in the Persian Language. His poetry depicts that he was the poet of the east, who believe in ‘Wahdatul Wujood’. Also, he brought forward the philosophy of ‘Khudi’, called for self-realization.
From many strong steps of Iqbal, few which are the most prominent are, raising the voice for Muslims of India when the British were controlling them, his emphasis on education and overcoming the social problems were also brought into the light. His ideology behind the separate homeland for Indian Muslims in 1930 and his amazing poetry enabled many Muslims to brainstorm over the religion of Islam and opened their eyes.
Few of his most renowned books are ‘Shikwa’, ‘Jawab-e-shikwa’, ‘Armaghan-e-Hijaz’, ‘Bal-e-Jibrael’ and others gave him a lot of success. Especially, ‘Shikwa’ created hype as many Muslims were concerned that how he can complain to Almighty. But after ‘Jawab-e-Shikwa’, everybody was not only impressed but also loved his poetry style.
In the year of 1928, the reputation of Sir Allama Iqbal was solidly established, and he delivered lectures at Hyderabad, Madras, and Aligarh. The cherry on the top, this lecture was published as a book named ‘The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam’. In 1932, Iqbal came to England as a Muslim delegate to the Third Round Table Conference. When Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was in England, Mr. Iqbal Persuaded him to come and asked for his personal views on problems and the Indian state of affairs. His letter was powerful with irreplaceable words and power of thoughts.
Sir Allama Iqbal died on the 21st of April 1938, but his remarkable work and stand for Muslims will remain alive throughout our lives. He is buried next to the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore. His beautiful poetry keeps on inspiring young people.